The extent to which the application of control theory to politics reveals this ultimate lack of control is also the same extent to which this widespread assumption of control—which informs not only theory but practice—has been for the most part a useful myth.
Control Theory and Politics: A New Understanding Complexity, Absurdity, and the Problem of Political Control Politics, Thermostats, and Existentialism
This more formal understanding of control provides a new understanding of control that has substantial implications for not only our scientific and theoretical understanding of politics, but also for our meaningful and effective engagement with our political systems.
Given these fundamental flaws in our basic understanding of how our political systems work, even with a proper conception of control, what is needed is a conception of citizenship still able to motivate meaningful and enduring political engagement in the face of all this fundamental uncertainty.
The approach most likely to prevent this slide into political apathy and nihilism, while still motivating intense engagement in political struggle, is through the creation of life-affirming values that Nietzsche recommended, only applied to politics in particular. This is a much different proposition than the more conventional hope-based approaches to political engagement. As such, exactly what such an orientation would be like is difficult to conceive at this point,
Basic Tenets  The realities of political systems must be confronted as they are  The political system is not only irreducibly complex, but also Absurd  We are thrust into political systems we did not choose  There is no escape from making political choices  We are ultimately responsible to ourselves for our own political choices Details  […]